Other aquatic animals used in research

This page is being used to collect links to resources concerned with other aquatic animals than fish and cephalopods, in particular decapods (crabs and lobsters), amphibians and reptiles. Suggestions for additions are welcome and should be sent to post@norecopa.no.
Some links on Norecopa's webpages on fish may also be relevant.

See also the PREPARE guidelines for planning animal experiments.

The Norwegian Animal Welfare Act protects mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, decapods, cephalopods and honeybees. The Norwegian Regulation on the use of animals in research protects living vertebrates, decapods and cephalopods. EU's Directive 2010/63, on the other hand, only protects vertebrates and cephalopods. 

3R-resources (guidelines, databases, email lists and journals) that apply to aquatic animals may be found in the 3R Guide database:

CCAC Guidelines on Amphibians (August 2021)

Review of the evidence of sentience in cephalopod molluscs and decapod crustaceans (Birch et al., 2021)

There are concerns about the use of horseshoe crabs for endotoxin testing.

Severity classification of procedures used on fish and other items in the website section on fish may also be of relevance to other aquatic species.

Approved protocols for decapods, cephalopods and fish (Guidance from the Animal Ethics Sub-Committee of the University of KwaZulu-Natal Ethics Committee, South Africa)


Amphibians and reptiles:

Other invertebrates (see the separate section on cephalopods):

Other relevant papers on pain perception, anaesthesia and analgesia:

Training courses:

This page was updated on 29 February 2024

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