For those concerned about animal welfare

This website contains links to a large number of animal protection and welfare organisations.
There are many books about animal welfare in the TextBase database on this site.

The use of animals in research is an ethical problem, since some procedures require the complete opposite of normal veterinary practice, which is to help sick animals become healthy. This problem has been addressed by the laboratory animal community itself for many years, not least through application of the concept of the 3Rs of Russell and Burch.

It is in fact in everyone's interest that animals are as normal and healthy as possible when they are used in research. Animals living in harmony with their surroundings will have values of clinical parameters such as stress hormones and blood pressure which are within normal limits. It is therefore much easier to detect a treatment effect on such animals, at a lower treatment dosage, than on animals which are stressed at the onset of the experiment. Good animal welfare is therefore also good science, and vice versa (Nuffield Council on Bioethics).

Positive Animal Welfare (PAW) - a website of resources on how it can be assessed and improved

Get Real! Resources about animal research and alternatives

Fighting cancer: Animal research at Cambridge explains some of the issues.

The Research Animals Department of the RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, UK) explains their views on the use of animals for research and testing.

Teaching material about the use of animals in research from FASEB 

The Animal Welfare Research Group at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)

Edinburgh University offers an online course in Animal Welfare and Behaviour.

This page will gradually be populated with specific links on laboratory animal welfare, but many of the other sections of this website already contain such information.

If you are looking for information which is not readily available here, please feel free to contact Norecopa.

Other literature

This page was updated on 29 November 2023

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