The 3Rs and Animal Welfare – Conflict or the Way Forward?
Owner/Developer: Alternatives to Animal Experimentation (ALTEX)
The animal experiment is central to the 3R concept. In European law, animal experiments are classed according to their aims. In the German Animal Welfare Act, they are classed, e. g. as interventions and treatments for experimental purposes, for further education and training, or for the production, preparation, storage or multiplication of substances, products or organisms and for the fulfilment of legal requirements, and are thus regulated with varying strictness. In contrast, in Switzerland all such measures performed on live animals underlie the same approval requirements. For animal welfarists, the term “animal experiment” includes every intervention and every treatment which is associated with pain, fear and/or suffering and does not directly benefit the respective animal. In the animal experiment, the animal concerned usually suffers as a human would, independent of the experimental goal. Expecting an animal to suffer a treatment one would not want to undergo oneself cannot be in accord with an ethic of respect for fellow creatures. Animal welfarists aim to save animals such suffering. Consequently, they demand the immediate abolition of all animal experiments.
|Audience:||Scientists - Researchers - Students - Policy-makers - Regulators - Industry - Educators|
|User access:||Open access|
|Relevance:||Replacement - Reduction - Refinement|
|Purpose:||Animal welfare - Documentation and information|
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