More information about alternatives to the use of fish in research can be found in another section of the Norecopa website.
- Katsiadaki et al (2021) Dying for change: A roadmap to refine the fish acute toxicity test after 40 years of applying a lethal endpoint. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 223: 112585.
- Focus on Fish - Practical refinements for fishes in research and testing, RSPCA online event, 23 February 2021
- Refining the life experience of a research zebrafish, by Claire Allen, free FELASA webinar
- Sloman et al (2019) Ethical considerations in fish research. Journal of Fish Biology, 94(4): 556-577.
- Félix et al (2019) Review on the use of zebrafish embryos to study the effects of anesthetics during early development. Critical Reviews in Toxicology, 49(4): 357-370.
- Deakin et al (2019) Automated monitoring of behaviour in zebrafish after invasive procedures. Scientific Reports, 9(9042).
- Message R & Greenhough B (2019): But It's Just a Fish: Understanding the Challenges of Applying the 3Rs in Laboratory Aquariums in the UK
- Schnell et al (2016) Procedures for the reconstruction, primary culture and experimental use of rainbow trout gill epithelia. Nature Protocols, 11: 490-498.
- Schaeck et al (2013) Fish as research tools: alternatives to in vivo experiments. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, 41(3): 219-229.
- Segner (2015) In Vitro Methodologies in Ecotoxicological Hazard Assessment: The Case of Bioaccumulation Testing for Fish. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals, 43(2): 14-16.
- Stott et al (2015) A primary fish gill cell culture model to assess pharmaceutical uptake and efflux: Evidence for passive and facilitated transport. Aquatic Toxicology, 159: 127-137.
- Romstad et al (2014) Comparison of a serological potency assay for furunculosis vaccines (Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida) to intraperitoneal challenge in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.). Biologicals, 42(2):86-90.
- The potential to increase use of the 3Rs in the development and validation of fish vaccines. Ellingsen & Gudding (2011). Report from the Norwegian Veterinary Institute.
- Midtlyng et al (2011) Three Rs approaches in the production and quality control of fish vaccines. Biologicals, 39(2): 117-128.
- de Wolf et al (2007) Animal use replacement, reduction, and refinement: Development of an integrated testing strategy for bioconcentration of chemicals in fish. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 3(1): 3-17.
- Jeram et al (2005) A strategy to reduce the use of fish in acute ecotoxicity testing of new chemical substances notified in the European Union. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 42(2): 218-224.